To set up a sand court, the sand must be at least 30cm deep and be composed of fine, loosely compacted grains, free of stones and dangerous particles and anything else that can injure a player. For sand tournaments, the sand should also be sifted to an acceptable size; it should not be too fine to cause dust and stick to the skin.

The sand boundary should be a minimum of 20m x 10m, allowing for a sand perimeter around the actual court. The general guideline is that the area should be clear of any obstructions for 1m to 2m on all sides of the court.

Sand selection is the most important factor in the construction of the court and any sand that is used should incorporate these specificationS:

  • The sand should be double washed and free of silt and clay in order to prevent compaction.
  • The size of the sand particles should be between 0.5mm and 1 mm to allow for proper drainage and maximum safety.
  • Tan coloured sand absorbs less heat with minimal glare.
  • A granite-based sand remains stable under all weather conditions and is unaffected by acid rain


Natural grass or artificial turf is a safe and accessible option for AirBadminton for all people. For optimal play, the playing court should be cut to the same height and not exceed 3cm. AirBadminton can also be played on artificial turf and should not be higher than 6cm.

The surface must be as flat and uniform as possible, free of rocks, holes and anything else which can represent risks of injuries to the players.


Any public area such as a road, pathway or carpark can be used for AirBadminton. The surface must be flat and uniform and should be free of rocks and holes than could present as a danger to players. Synthetic flooring may also be used as an alternative to concrete and asphalt.