Sport Science

The BWF supports the further development of the sport through a variety of sports research projects. Examples of sport science projects include, the sharing of global badminton and sports research, as well as annual BWF funded research grants for universities. These projects are overseen by the BWF Sport Science Commission.

A list of BWF funded University research projects and Downloads

Comparison of Joint Loading in Badminton Lunging between Professional and Amateur Badminton Players

Fu et al._Ningbo University and University of the West of Scotland

The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematic motion and kinetic loading differences of the right knee and ankle while performing a maximal right lunge.


Consistency in the Badminton Jump Smash

Abdurrahman et al._Loughborough University

The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in strategy and technique adopted in the badminton jump smash between players of differing levels of performance outcome variability.


Optimum Performance in the Badminton Jump Smash

Miller et al._Loughborough University

The purpose of this study was to identify the technique factors that contribute to players producing high shuttlecock velocities, with the aim of being able to inform coaches what to encourage in players when coaching, or recognise during the talent identification process.


Determining Instantaneous Shuttlecock Velocity: Overcoming the Effects of a Low Ballistic Coefficient

Naylor et al._Loughborough University

The purpose of this study was to develop a method for accurate determination of post-impact instantaneous shuttlecock velocity as well as the identification of racquet-shuttlecock contact timing for the badminton jump smash.


Analysis of the Short Serve in Badminton and Training to Improve the Short Serve

Wilkie et al._Edith Cowan University

This research aimed to investigate the movement patterns associated with the accuracy-based skill of the short serve, and; understand how elite players vary their movement when performing the short serve. Additionally, a training program was developed and implemented aimed at improving short serve accuracy and the effectiveness of this training intervention was assessed.


The Effect of Strengthening the Muscles of the Foot on Common Ligament Injury Mechanism in Females Participating in Court Sports

van der Merwe et al._Massey University

The aim of this project is therefor to investigate the effect that footwear condition and strengthening specific muscles acting on the will have on the injury mechanism associated with ACL and lateral ankle sprain injuries.


Changes in Explosive Strength After Badminton Match Play and Relationship with Injury

Girard et al._Murdoch University

The aim of this study was to assess the time course of changes in maximal and rapid muscle torque production capacity of plantar flexors (PF) and dorsi flexors (DF) in response to badminton match play.



Lunge Position Analysis of Men's Single Badminton Player by Kinematics and Kinetics Analysis

Adiprawita et al._Institut Teknologi Bandung

This study aimed to analyze the lunges position mechanism and use to predict the likelihood of back pain injury caused by fatigue.



Investigation of knee joint loadings from lunges among Chinese Elite Badminton Athletes: A Subject-specific Musculoskeletal and Finite Element Analysis

Mei et al._Ningbo University

This project was aimed to reveal the knee joint kinematics and kinetics and
investigate the contact force and cartilage von Mises stress via subject-specific musculoskeletal modelling analysis and finite element simulation based on the medical images.



Spatial Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in International Badminton Players Performing the Forehand Smash

Afzal et al._Loughborough University

The purpose of the study was to identify and compare any emergent SATO relationships utilised by international badminton players performing the forehand smash, under two spatio-temporal conditions.

The Effectiveness of the BWF Shuttle Time programme on children’s fundamental movement skills

Duncan et al._Coventry University

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Effect of Carbohydrate and Caffeine Ingestion on Badminton Performance Following Fatiguing Exercise

Clarke et al._Coventry University

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of ingesting carbohydrate and caffeine on measures that are central to success in badminton.


Physiological Profile and Energy Expenditure of High Level Badminton Players

Esposito et al._Università degli Studi di Milano

The aims of this study were: (i) to compare the HR–̇2 relationship determined on the field during badminton-specific tasks to that found in the laboratory during a standard treadmill test.


Explorative Study on Muscle Strength and Muscle Strength Ratios in Top National and International Badminton Players

Felder et al._Olympic Training Center Rhineland Palatinate Saarland

This aim of this study was to obtain an overview of the muscular strength ratios and the strength values of the key badminton-specific muscle groups.


Impact of Eight Weeks of Plyometric Training on Jump Parameters in Junior Badminton Players

Frohlich et al._Saarland University, Institute for Sport Science

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of an eight-week periodized PT program on jumping height, agility and power among male and female junior badminton players, using high-impact bilateral plyometric exercises.


Neuromuscular Fatigue Following a Singles Badminton Match

Lin et al._Edith Cowan University

The aim of this study was to investigate changes in knee extensor neuromuscular function after a simulated 1 hour badminton singles match in relation to the number of lunges performed in the match.


The Effect Badminton Specific Exercise on Badminton Serve Performance in Competition and Practice Climates

Abstract_Duncan et al._Coventry University

This study examined the effects of changes in physiological and psychological arousal on badminton short and long serve performance in competitive and practice climates.


Badminton Specific Fitness Training Improves Badminton Performance and Reduces Body Fat in Danish College Students – A Comparison of Regular High School Badminton and Specific Badminton Fitness Training

Abstract_Madsen et al._University of Copenhagen

The aim of the study was to investigate a newly developed Danish Badminton Fitness concept (B-FIT) investigating health related markers and specific badminton performance among Danish high school students, some recreationally active but none involved in regular badminton activities, compared to a standard high school 8-week badminton program (BAD).


Metabolic and Hormonal Responses, and Fluid and Electrolyte Status Following Badminton Matches in Junior Players: Implications for Player Recovery

Ramachandran_Kannur University

The purpose of the study is to investigate the metabolic and hormonal responses, and fluid and electrolyte status following badminton matches.



Impact of Several Consecutive Matches in a Day on Physical Performance in Elite Junior Badminton Players

Fernandez-Fernandez et al._University of León

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of playing several badminton matches (one singles and one doubles) on the same day on physical performance in elite junior players, during an international junior championship.



Physiological Characteristics of Men's Double Badminton Players

Aprianto et al._Institut Teknologi Bandung

This study aimed to examine the physiological characteristics of Indonesian
Badminton young players and to use the findings to plan training with greater precision



Qualitative Analysis of Para-Badminton's Psycophysical and Social Impact

Alberti et al._University of Rome TorVergata

The purpose of this scientific research was to qualitatively assess the benefits reported by the practice of Para-Badminton in physics, psychological and social.


The Effect of Perceptual Training with Anxiety on the Anticipatory Judgments of Elite Badminton Players

Alder et al._Liverpool John Moores University

The aim of this study was to examine the training of anticipation in badminton using video simulation under anxious conditions and the transfer of learning to high anxiety conditions and the field.


Quantifying the Role of Anticipation in Badminton during Competition; The Impact of Situational Constraints, Game Format, Match Stage and Outcome of Match

Abstract_Alder et al._Leeds Becket University

This project aimed to identify: (a) the average response time of elite level badminton players, (b) the frequency of anticipatory behaviours which occur in elite level badminton and (c) how contextual factors such as format of the game (i.e. women’s, men’s, singles and doubles matches), the outcome of the match (i.e. win, lose), and the stage of the match (i.e. set 1, set 2) impact on both average response time and frequency of anticipatory behaviours.


The Impact of Physiological Stress on Performance Effectiveness and Processing Efficiency in a video-based badminton-anticipation task: From Testing to Training

Alder et al._Leeds Becket University

This project aimed to identify: (a) the impact of badminton-specific physiological stress on perceptual-cognitive anticipation in badminton, and key underlying mechanisms, (b) the effects of combining anticipation training in badminton with high physiological stress to see if there are any benefits of training under stressors that are common to the performance environment.


Do You Feel What I Feel? The Developmental Psychobiosocial States in Competitive Badminton

Chia-Smith_Loyola University Maryland

This study examines the extent to which psychobiosocial states of elite badminton players vary by age.


Psychological Factors Associated with Injuries in Badminton

Broadbent et al._Brunel University

This explorative study had three main aims (1) to examine the differences in
psychological factors between badminton players, of all skill levels, who had experienced an injury in the last 24 months and those that had not been injured;
 (2) to examine the relationship between number of injuries that a player had sustained and psychological factors; (3) to examine whether the psychological factors associated with injuries altered depending on the type
of injury, the body region effected, and the cause of the injury.


An Investigation of the Demands Faced and Support Needed by Elite Dual Career Adolescent Badminton Players and Their Entourage

Sellars et al._Cardiff Metropolitan University

This study aims to (1) Describe the demands and challenges dual career adolescent badminton players and their entourage faced throughout a badminton season; (2) Identify the most demanding periods for players throughout a badminton season; (3) Explore the support needs of dual career badminton players and their entourage during these demanding periods.


The Validity and Reliability of an Established Series of Badminton-Specific Field Tests

Hughes et al._Cardiff Metropolitan University

The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the test procedures used over the last fifteen years in the assessment of fitness in English Junior Badminton players.


Anticipation in young badminton players

Carvalho3 et al.

Differences between real and virtual tasks and the influence of playing and training experience.


Development of an Agility Test for Badminton Players and Assessment of Its Validity, Reliability, and Specificity

Louriero et al._Cruzeiro do Sul University

The aims of this research project were (1) to develop a new agility test that assess both the perceptual and motor capacity, (2) to examine the test’s concurrent and construct validity and its test-retest reliability, and (3) to evaluate the specificity of this test to badminton players.


Influence of Badminton Exercises on Prevention and Treatment of Myopia

National Badminton Federation of Russia

The Badminton Against Myopia Project began in 2013 with the aim of reducing the number of school-age children that suffer from or are at risk of myopic eye disease globally.

The Impact of Badminton on Health Markers in Sedentary Females.

Patterson et al._St Marys University

Thus the purpose of the study was to examine the effect of regular participation in recreational badminton in untrained women throughout an eight week intervention and compare it with a similar period of running.


Acute And Overuse Injuries In European Junior Badminton Players

Petrinovic et al _ School of Kinesiology

The main aim of this study was to investigate the frequency, location and severity of acute and overuse injuries in junior badminton players, aged under 19 years old (17-19 years). the most common sites of injury were also studied. the correlation between their anthropometric status, foot alignment and injury was examined. in addition, differences in explosive strength between  the injured and non-injured junior badminton players was evaluated.


The Effect of Eight-Week Swiss Ball Training on the Integration of Functional Movements and Balance of Teenage Badminton Players

Saberian Amirkolaei et al _ Allameh Tabataba’i University

Although injuries are an inevitable part of sports, exercise as a tool to prevent sports-related injuries and their consequences has caught the attention of many researchers in recent years. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of Swiss ball training on the integration of functional movement of teenage badminton players and their balance.

Player development systems in the performance pathway in four world-leading badminton nations

Julian North et. al._Leeds Beckett University

A literature review and interviews with experts from Indonesia, Korea, Denmark and Spain.


Developmental and Professional Activities of Elite Badminton Players

Abstract_Ford et. al._Liverpool John Moores University

The aim of this research is to examine the amount and types of developmental and professional activities engaged in by elite badminton players in European and Malaysia and the association to attainment and skill acquisition.


Qualitative Temporal Structure And Performance In Badminton Competition

Abstract_Rivas et al._University of Madrid

The aim of the study was to show that the both the temporal structure of badminton and the outcome, for both men and women are influenced by the relative quality between the players as well as other variables such as, match status, score and game period.


Performance Structure Analysis of the men's and women's badminton doubles matches in the Olympic Games from 2008 to 2016

Abián-Vicén et al._Badminton Federation of Castilla-La Mancha

The purpose of this study was to compare the timing factors and notational structure of top world level badminton in men’s and women’s doubles matches among the Olympic Games in Beijing, London and Rio to observe the evolution of this sport between 2008 and 2016.


Characterisation of Wheelchair Para badminton Games

Strapasson_State University of Campinas

This study intends to characterize Para badminton game in its TIME-SPACE-ACTION aspects


Developmental and Professional Activities of Elite Badminton Players

Ford et al._Liverpool John Moores University

The aim of this research was to examine the amount and types of developmental and professional activities engaged in by elite badminton players in European and Malaysia and the association to attainment and skill acquisition.